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Pericardial Word Surgery

A needle or tube (called a catheter) is inserted into the chest wall to remove excess fluid in the pericardium. This procedure relieves pressure on the heart. The only cure for chronic constrictive pericarditis is surgery to remove the pericardium. This is known as a pericardiectomy (PER-i-kar-de-EK-to-me) Pericardiectomy is a surgery done under general anesthesia. These conditions can disrupt your heart's normal rhythm and/or function. Pericarditis occurs in people of all ages. As a first step in your treatment, your doctor may advise you to rest until you feel better and have no fever. Both acute and chronic pericarditis can disrupt your heart's normal rhythm and/or function and possibly.

Department of Surgery - Pericarditi

  1. al cavity, where it can be absorbed
  2. Start studying Hlth 125 Chapter 9 Word Surgery. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools
  3. Pericardial definition is - of, relating to, or affecting the pericardium; also : situated around the heart

Causes of pericardial effusion include: Inflammation of the pericardium following heart surgery or a heart attack. Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Spread of cancer (metastasis), particularly lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease. Cancer of the pericardium or heart Pericardial effusion is defined as an increased amount of pericardial fluid. Etiology The etiology of a pericardial effusion can often be deduced from the clinical presentation ( Box 1 ); for example, in patients who present with severe hypothyroidism, end-stage kidney failure, acute myocardial infarction, or who underwent a recent invasive.

pericarditis word surgery - alexanderskinner

Pericardial effusion - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

  1. Pericardial effusion appears as anechoic stripe that is surrounding heart (Fig.26). Smaller effusions appear as a thin stripe in the pericardial space, frequently not spreading fully around the heart and often layering out posteriorly with gravity In post-cardiac surgery patients, pericardial effusions may be loculated and compress only a portion of the heart
  2. Pericardial effusion should be drained percutaneously (in local anesthesia) and pericardiectomy performed for constrictive pericarditis before any major surgical procedure. In emergencies, volume.
  3. Surgery may be considered in recurrent pericarditis that doesn't respond to other treatment. Removal of the pericardium is called pericardiectomy. This treatment is usually reserved as a last-line..
  4. Pericarditis may be associated with an accumulation of fluid (pericardial effusion) in the pericardial sac or with adhesions between the layers of the sac. Either may embarrass the heart action. Treatment may involve withdrawing fluid through a needle or surgery to relieve constriction
  5. Surgery The only effective treatment for most people who have constrictive pericarditis is to surgically remove a substantial portion of the thickened, fibrous pericardial sac—a procedure called pericardiectomy
  6. A pericardial cyst is a noncancerous, fluid-filled growth in the pericardium. This type of cyst is very rare, affecting only 1 in 100,000 people.. Most people who have pericardial cysts are born.

Pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) is a rare complication in pediatric cardiac surgery. We report a patient who developed a right ventricular pseudoaneurysm 8 months after RVOT enlargement using a pericardial patch for infundibular pulmonary stenosis. Our patient was born wit Cardiac Surgery in the Adult. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2008. Mack MJ. Minimally invasive and robotic surgery. JAMA 2001;285:568-72. Bakos E, Bakos M, Dubaj M, Poliacik P. Miniinvasive treatmenet of pericardial effusions. Bratisl Lek Listy 2007;108:324-6

If pericardial effusions continue to recur, surgery can be done to create a permanent opening (a so-called pericardial window), that allows the fluid to drain from the pericardial sac, thus preventing tamponade Bariatric surgery has been reported to result in complete resolution or improvement of diabetes in 86% of patients. Hypertension resolved or improved in 78.5% of the patients, while obstructive sleep apnea improved or resolved in 83.6% of patients. 1 Bariatric surgery is generally very effective in achieving significant weight loss in morbidly. Keywords. acute pericarditis, aspirin, colchicine, corticosteroids, management, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Introduction. Regarding clinical management and therapy of acute pericarditis, it is not mandatory to search for the aetiology in all patients, especially in countries with a low prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) because of the relatively benign course associated with the common.

surgery to remove the pericardium (surgical pericardectomy). Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial pericarditis. Surgical pericardectomy. Surgery to remove the pericardium is called surgical pericardectomy. It is rarely required. Surgery may be considered if the pericardium is scarred and inflexible, or if pericarditis keeps recurring Medical word definition: condition of the lungs 11. Polyneuritis a. Suffix and its meaning- itis, infection of; inflammation of b. Prefix and its meaning- poly, many; much c. Combining form and its meaning- neur, nerve d. Medical word definition: inflammation of many nerves 12. Subcutaneous a. Suffix and its meaning- ous, pertaining to b

Acute Pericarditis Research Paper 715 Words | 3 Pages. The pericardium, is a double-layered, closed sac that surrounds the heart. It consists of a tough fibrous connective tissue outer layer known as fibrous pericardium A surgical procedure to cut and remove part of the covering of the heart (pericardium) may also be done. This is known as surgical pericardiectomy or pericardial window. Fluids are given to keep blood pressure normal until the fluid can be drained from around the heart Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is worsening or new formation of pericardial and/or pleural effusion mostly 1 to 6 weeks after cardiac surgery, as a result of autoimmune inflammatory reaction within pleural and pericardial space. Its incidence varies among different studies and registries (2% to 30%), as well as according to the type of. Pericardial effusion occurs commonly after open heart surgery and contributes to postoperative morbidity and mortality. 1- 5 Nonetheless, data on its prevalence and time course after surgery for congenital heart disease are limited. 6, 7 Furthermore, risk factors that predispose to its development in children and teenagers with congenital heart disease after undergoing open heart surgery.

Pericardiocentesis, also called a pericardial tap, is a procedure in which a needle and catheter remove fluid from the pericardium, the sac around your heart.The fluid is tested for signs of. Pericardial fenestration is the creation of a 'pericardial window' a few centimetres in diameter to enable the drainage of pericardial fluid into the pleural space. Pericardiectomy, the surgical resection of part or all of the pericardium, is a more aggressive approach to achieve a more complete drainage

Pericardiocentesis is a one-off procedure, which may not be appropriate for long-term drainage. In cases where longer term drainage is needed, the cardiothoracic surgeon can create a pericardial window. This involves the removal of a section of the pericardium, and the placement of a chest tube Key words: pericardial effusion, constriction, cardiac surgery procedures *The study was presented as abstract presentation at the European Society of Cardiovascular Imaging in December 2014, Vienna, Austri Postoperative pericardial effusion commonly occurs after open heart surgery. However, after general thoracotomy such as pulmonary resection, there have been few reports of pericardial effusion. The purpose of this study is to investigate patients with pericardial effusion following pulmonary resection.Methods: Among 2,385 patients with pulmonary resection for lung neoplasm in our institute. Medical terminology can be a lot to learn. However, building a substantial medical vocabulary will help with your studies of a disease process and help with learning basic skills. This article on Medical Terminology of the Cardiovascular system will help with the study of cardiovascular conditions and diseases Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, s listing

The pericardium, also called pericardial sac, is a double-walled sac containing the heart and the roots of the great vessels. It has two layers, an outer layer made of strong connective tissue (fibrous pericardium), and an inner layer made of serous membrane (serous pericardium). It encloses the pericardial cavity, which contains pericardial fluid, and defines the middle mediastinum Cardiac tamponade following open heart surgery is well described, although, fortunately, uncommon. Unlike more classical primary tamponade, the clinical features are not specific, and this can delay diagnosis. In practice, the threshold for investigation must be low, and echocardiography has been invaluable in the detection and localization of pericardial collections. Several factors are. Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that can be readily reversed with timely recognition and appropriate intervention. The clinical diagnosis of cardiac tamponade requires synthesis of a constellation of otherwise nonspecific features based on an understanding of the underlying pathophysiological characteristics. Although echocardiographic examination is a central component of diagnosis. Pericardial window surgery may be indicated when longer-term drainage is needed. A fistula or window is made from the pericardium into the pleural cavity. This allows the effusion to drain from around the heart into the chest cavity, where it is less dangerous and usually reabsorbed by the body. Typically, a cardiothoracic surgeon cuts a small. Following an unsuccessful ultrasound-guided pericardial puncture of a 42-year old patient due to malignant pericardial effusion (Fig. 1A), blood was suddenly delivered, suggesting cardiac perforation. After a sternotomy, no perforation site was found, but the catheter was palpable within the inferior vena cava (IVC)

Fluid glucose levels were significantly less in exudates. Sensitivity for detecting exudates was high for specific gravity >1.015 (90%), fluid total protein >3.0 g/dL (97%), fluid to serum protein ratio >0.5 (96%), fluid lactate dehydrogenase ratio >0.6 (94%), and fluid to serum glucose ratio <1.0 (85%). None of these indicators were specific The 18-hour time courses of MPO levels in pericardial drainage and peripheral blood after surgery are summarized in Figure 1, A. A 2-way repeated-measures ANOVA showed that the changes in pericardial and serum MPO over time differed significantly between the 2 groups ( P < .001, P = .003, respectively) A pericardial drainage tube was inserted at surgery and removed after 4 to 5 days. All but five patients undergoing subxiphoid pericardial window surgery received local anesthesia. The xiphoid process was not resected during surgery and steroids were not instilled in the pericardial cavity. There were minima Postpericardiotomy syndrome often delays recovery from cardiac operation. Pericardial effusion is an important sequela of postpericardiotomy syndrome. To define the relationship between postpericardiotomy syndrome and pericardial effusion, we performed four to seven serial echocardiograms (echoes) between postoperative day 0 and postoperative day 10 in 40 children who had operation requiring. KEY WORDS: Pericardial cyst, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, mediastinal cyst INTRODUCTION Pericardial cysts are rare benign lesions, often asymptomatic and usually found incidentally on routine chest radiography. They are the most common benign tumours of the pericardium. They are usually identified on the third o

Hlth 125 Chapter 9 Word Surgery Flashcards Quizle

The word pericardium means around the heart. The outer layer of the pericardium is called the parietal pericardium. fungal and other infections. Other possible causes of pericarditis include heart attack or heart surgery, other medical conditions, injuries and medications. Pericardial fluid is the serous fluid secreted by the. Delayed-onset pericardial effusion after heart surgery may produce significant morbidity as the result of its presentation as well as management by traditional surgical techniques not uncommonly involving resternotomy. The pericardial fluid collected in a gap in front of the heart usually is drained easily via a chest drain just behind the sternum Tuberculous Pericardial Abscess: A Case Report. We present the case of a 71-year-old diabetic man who came to us complaining of dyspnea for 1 month. Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly and bilateral pleural effusion. Echocardiography showed a pericardial cystic mass with external compression of the right ventricle

Pericardial Definition of Pericardial by Merriam-Webste

Pericardial effusion - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Pericardial Disease - clevelandclinicmeded

Laparoscopic pericardectomy for post-cardiac surgery recurrent pericardial effusion 21 normal. An echocardiography done was suggestive of peri-cardial effusion with septations and pleural effusion on the right side. The pericardial effusion was endangering the surgical outcome of the previous surgery. Since she had multipl So Doug Johnston is the Program Director of our Training Program, he's the Vice Chairman in the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, and a world renowned surgeon with a lot of actual areas of particular interest, but one of his particular interests as the Surgical Director of the Pericardial Center is treating complex pericardial. Surgery for pericardial mesothelioma. Surgery can remove a mesothelioma from the pericardium (the sac around the heart). The entire pericardium may be removed (called a pericardectomy) can be removed to ease pressure on the heart. Surgery may be done to make a hole in the pericardium, which is called a pericardial window 1999 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons page 1 of 4 Cardiac Surgery Data Collection Form (data dictionary Version 2.35) A. Administrative Participant ID B20= Sorin Pericarbon Stentless Pericardial Bioprosthesis B21= St. Jude Medical - Toronto SPV Stentless Porcine Bioprosthesis B22= St. Jude Medical-Bioimplant Porcine Bioprosthesis. KEYWORDS: pericardial fat volume, postoperative atrial fibrillation, predictors, coronary artery bypass surgery 4 INTRODUCTION Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in 20%-40% of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and it may be a marker of postoperative complications, including stroke.

Thoracic Surgery 35 years experience. Semantics: There is always a small amount if fluid in the pericardium. 4.2k views Answered >2 years ago. Thank. 1 thank No concern: We all have small amounts of fluid in the pericardial sac around the heart Other common causes include myocardial rupture, pericarditis, cancer, or even cardiac surgery. Removal of this excess fluid requires insertion of drainage tubes into the pericardial cavity. Premature removal of these drainage tubes, for example, following cardiac surgery, or clot formation within these tubes are causes of this condition TABLE OF CONTENTS History of Cardiac Surgery Education and Training in Cardiac Surgery Intraoperative Methods in Cardiac Surgery Cardiopulmonary Bypass Cardioplegia Coronary Disease Randomized control trials comparing PCI/medicine vs CABG Coronary artery surgery study (CASS) Trial European Coronary Surgery Study Group - ECSS RITA ERACI LAUSANNE GABI EAST CABRI MASS BARI TOULOSE SIMA ERACI I Echocardiography revealed a large circumferential pericardial effusion with right atrial and ventricular collapse during diastole, suggesting a compressive effect of the pericardial fluid; however, left ventricular systolic function was well preserved. The patient underwent the scheduled creation of a subxiphoid pericardial window On each side: It opens into pericardial cavity Development: Absorption of central part of dorsal mesocardium. Importance: It gives a passage during cardiac surgery for temporary ligation of aorta or pulmonary trunk to prevent hemorrhage. II) Oblique sinus: It is a cul-de-sac within the inverted J-shaped attachment of serous pericardium. Boundaries

Synonyms for pericardial fibrosis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for pericardial fibrosis. 1 synonym for pericardial: pericardiac. What are synonyms for pericardial fibrosis Key words Pericardial calcification pediatric Pericardial constriction, pediatric Pericardial tuberculosis, pediatric This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. linked to the underlying cause but long-term survival is more likely with surgery and the best results are achieved if surgery is offered early. [patient.info Colchicine has been used as anti-inflammatory agent in pericardial effusion (PE). We sought to perform a meta-analysis of randomized trials assessing the efficacy and safety of colchicine in patients with pericarditis or postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS). In the systematic literature search following the PRISMA statement, 10 prospective randomized controlled studies with 1981 patients with an. Pericardial effusion occurs when fluid collects in the sac, which ultimately leads to cardiac tamponade. During cardiac tamponade the fluid puts pressure on the heart to the point that the chambers of the heart cannot expand to fill with blood. If they cannot fill with blood, the heart cannot pump blood to the rest of the body Hemorrhagic pericardial effusion requiring surgical drainage was more frequent with unfractionated heparin (7 vs. 1) however all patients went to our observation after treatment withdrawal, usually between 10 and 17 days after surgery and all but one had anticoagulant over dosage (average INR 4.53). In control groups only one patient needed.

Pericardial a Suffix and its meaning al pertaining to bAnnals of Thoracic Surgery | Medical Artist Portfolio

Medical Terminology Ch

Constrictive_pericarditis Abnormal thickening of the pericardial sac (constrictive pericarditis) can compress the heart, impairing heart function and resulting in heart failure. The diagnosis is made by inspecting the jugular venous pulse in the neck. In normal individuals, the jugular venous pulse drops on inspiration.I In patients with constrictive pericarditis, the reverse happens and this. Creation of a pericardial window is used to drain fluid from the pericardial sac around the heart. The approach may be below the sternum through a subxiphoid incision, or alternately between the ribs of the left chest. The indication for surgery is a pericardial effusion (fluid build-up). Pericardial effusion has a variety of causes, including viral infection, cancer, renal disease, heart. The performance of transabdominal laparoscopic pericardial window may prove to be a significant advance in the management of these individuals. No previously reported description of this procedure has been found in the world literature as far back as 1966. A presentation of the case, description of the surgical procedure, and discussion of the.

Pericardial Effusion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatmen

A pericardial drainage tube was inserted at surgery and removed after 4 to 5 days. All but five patients undergoing subxiphoid pericardial window surgery received local anesthesia. The xiphoid process was not resected during surgery and steroids were not instilled in the pericardial cavity Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in about 15-30% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery (1-6, 7). It is defined in presence of 2 of 5 criteria: 1) fever occurring at least one week after surgery without underlying infection 2) pleuritic pain, 3) pericardial rub 4) pleural effusion and 5) pericardial effusion (8) To evaluate the evidence for the conservative and surgical management of pericardial effusions for neoplastic and idiopathic etiologies in dogs. Study design. Systematic review. Sample population. Peer‐reviewed English‐language articles describing the treatment and outcome of naturally occurring pericardial effusion in domestic dogs Adult Cardiac Surgery. 1. Pericardial Closures (posted March 2013) Pericardial closure, when done in conjunction with a cardiac procedure where it is required to create the pericardial defect as part of the primary procedure (e.g., CABG, AVR, MVR), is considered integral to the primary procedure and should not be separately reported or billed.

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Pericardiocentesis definition of pericardiocentesis by

Word Surgery Results. Word Surgery Results. SCORE 100. Help. Instructions. Selecting a word part: Split the medical term into its word parts. Drag the pair of scalpel to select a word part. Then, select the active tray to place the word part in it. Note: You do not need to fill all the trays. Only fill the trays you need Of the pericardial effusions, 32% required no intervention, 62% involved pericardiocentesis, 16.9% required surgery, and 1.5% required a pericardial window. The fact that pericardiocentesis was performed in most cases suggests that most of these pericardial effusions occurred as macro-perforations, Singh said, adding that being. Define pericardial tamponade. pericardial tamponade synonyms, pericardial tamponade pronunciation, pericardial tamponade translation, English dictionary definition of pericardial tamponade. pericardial tamponade. (55% in reviews), surgery (33%), trauma (7%), or infection (5%).[4] Rupture of the left ventricle after myocardial infarction. congestive heart failure or CHF. coronary angioplasty. coronary arteries. coronary artery bypass graft or CABG (sounds cabbage) coronary artery disease or CAD. coronary bypass surgery. coronary steal syndrome. CPK = creatine phosphokinase. CPK-MB = creatine phosphokinase of muscle band invaluable in assessing for new pericardial effusion or tamponade, aortic root hematoma, and aortic dissection. Management High-risk, emergency surgery is usually necessary in these situations to fix the underlying pathology if the patient is a surgical candidate, which, often may not be the case since the patient is undergoing TAVR

Weight loss following bariatric surgery decreases

WARNING: This post contains my blood and guts, literally. If you're squeamish, I recommend skipping this one. What follows is my journey through the operating room at Columbia-Presbyterian on July 18, 2012. Apologies, but I couldn't help starting off with yet another pop culture reference (this time from Wes Anderson's Rushmore). So the morning starte 33018 Pericardial drainage with insertion of indwelling catheter, percutaneous, including fluoroscopy and/or ultrasound guidance, when performed; birth through five years of age or any age with congenital cardiac anomaly. 33019 Pericardial drainage with insertion of indwelling catheter, percutaneous, including CT guidanc Thoracoscopic diagnosis of traumatic pericardial rupture with cardiac hernia: A case report. World J Clin Cases 2021; 9 (16): 4001-4006 [DOI: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i16.4001] Corresponding Author of This Article. Zi-Ying Lu, MD, Doctor, Department of General Surgery, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, No. 234 Gucui Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou. Cardiac surgery 1. CARDIAC SURGERY The term comes from the Greek word kardiakos which means pertaining to the heart, and thorac which is Latin for chest. In general terms, the term refers to the chest. While the term does refer to the chest as a whole, in medicine it is most often used in the context of surgery. (PERICARDIAL WINDOW.

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However, due to the effects of pericardial restraint there can be an uncoupling between LVEDP and LV end diastolic volume (i.e., true preload) at higher values. 2 Failure to account for pericardial restraint is the actual cause of the apparent descending limb of the Frank Starling curve relating severely increased LVEDP to worsening stroke. No concern: We all have small amounts of fluid in the pericardial sac around the heart. Think of motor oil for valves in engine which lubricates surfaces ti reduce friction. If we can see this on an echocardiogram we will frequently say trivial effusion. 5.7k views Reviewed >2 years ago. Thank

Cardiac hemangioma producing pericardial effusion detected

The parietal pericardium is a fibrous sac that encloses the heart and the roots of the great vessels ( figure 1 ). The cone-shaped sac rests on the diaphragm and fuses superiorly with the adventitia of the great vessels. The pericardium and heart lie between the pleural sacs. The pericardium is fixed within the thorax by attachments to the. Pericardial drainage: needle if non-traumatic, open if traumatic (due to blood clot in pericardium) Sit at 45 degrees → use USS if possible (E G guidance less reliable) → insert between xiphoid and L costal margin with 16-18G needle (>5cm length needed) at 15 degrees aiming for L shoulder (more chance o As word of the surgery spread, money poured in from hospital supporters and locals. Ten months later, the team had all the equipment it needed. The classmates also pulled in other specialist doctors, including Albert Shun from Sydney, a pediatric surgeon who had previously done three conjoined twin separations

Pericardial Effusion - 53 Words Bartleb

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy. Percutaneous liver biopsy. Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL) Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS) Perfect pitch. Perfluorinated acid had prior cardiac surgery, although such patients were not excluded. Percutaneous pericardial access was achieved in all patients in whom it was attempted. The mean SD number of epicardial lesions delivered per patient was 2.1 0.3 (range, 0 to 6). Ventricular Arrhythmias Table 1 summarizes the results of 30 patients with ventricula Pericarditis 1. Pericarditis :a complete guide Pratap Sagar Tiwari, MD, internal Medicine 2. Pericardium • The pericardium is a fibroelastic sac made up of visceral and parietal layers separated by a (potential) space, the pericardial cavity

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Key words: lung cancer, cardiac tamponade, subxiphoid pericardial window, continuous drainage, intrapericar- dial instillation. Cardiac tamponade caused by carcinomatous pericardi- tis is a potentially life-threatening complication in pa- tients with advanced lung cancer. The hernodynamic effects of pericardial fluid accumulation are the result o Post-operative cardiac surgery patients require extensive hemodynamic monitoring for potential life-threatening complications, pericardial tamponade being one of them. Postoperative pericardial tamponade requires expedient diagnosis and management to prevent unfavorable outcomes of surgery (pericardial window) to the end of the study period or death. Results The group included 33 female patients (55%) and 27 male patients (45%) with a mean age of 60 years (age range: 40 to 82 years). Fifty patients (83%) presented with clinical symp-toms, including isolated dyspnea (n=23), pre bleeding diathesis; common after cardiac surgery. Serous pericarditis: caused by non-infectious inflammatory diseases (eg. rheumatic fever, SLE, scleroderma, tumours, uremia). Uremic pericarditis has a prevalence of 6-10% of patients with acute or chronic renal failure with cardiac ultrasonography revealing a pericardial effusion in at least 50 We compared the hemodynamics, durability, and histologic changes between two different xenogenic valves (pericardial vs. aortic valve porcine xenografts) implanted into the pulmonary valve position using a PPVI technique and evaluated the safety and efficacy of PPVI as a preclinical study Cutaneous-pericardial fistula is a rare complication of transapical aortic valve replacement; only a few cases are reported in the literature. It is part of a wide range of surgical site infection manifestations that could emerge after surgery. Due to its proximity to the heart, the risk of infectious lesions of adjacent structures and inoculation of pathogens on the prosthetic valve can lead.